Very slowly one disease. For more than one decade the normal cells of the cervix have changed. Once it takes the form of cancer. Cancer cells grow rapidly, the size of the lump increases, the lesions in the womb are created. There is bleeding, different types of infectious diseases are prevalent. Various types of symptoms occur. At one time it spread to distant parts. Disease is no longer under control.
Women with this disease are usually 35 to 55 years old. Under 20 years this disease does not occur.
Even after 60 years this disease may occur, but their number is relatively low. In the initial stage, there is no symptom of this disease. Even physical examination does not show such signs or wounds. Cervical cancer is very slow due to very low prevalence of cancer in the pre-cancerous state. Hundreds of diseases can be cured in appropriate treatment.
But the hope is that the causes of this disease are identified. It is:
marriage or physical intercourse at a young age, multiple marriages or multiple physical visits,
direct and indirect smokers, tobacco leaves or junkies with paan, use of tobacco leaf powder (Gul) at the dentist
Human Papiloma Virus attack.
Apart from this, some research has been proven as the cause of this disease due to unhygienic, malnutrition and long-term birth control pills (more than 10 to 12 years of age).
In developed countries, the incidence of this disease has decreased considerably and the rate of death of this disease has significantly decreased. Discovery of female education, improved living conditions, health awareness, and above all, the breakthrough ‘Papas Smear Test’ is the main way of controlling the disease. A US statistics show that from 1955 to 2002 cervical cancer decreased by 75% in the United States. Deaths are decreasing at 2% rate per year. The country where the cervical cancer rate is as low, the better the country. It is also an indicator of improvement.
Papas Smear Test
This is a simple test. Examine with microscopic instrument with juice from the cervix. With this test can be identified as cancer, pre-cancer and other cervical diseases, such as inflammation. There is no pain in it. The cost of this test is very low. Generally married women can start this test since 21 years; The test should be done every three years from 30 to 64 years of age. However, this routine may change due to the doctor’s suggestion.
Human Papilloma Virus (HPV)
Human papilloma virus or HPV linking has been discovered with cervical cancer almost two decades ago. Cervical cancer is one of the main causes (70 percent). But not the only reason. Infections in the physical union. So far 100 types of HPV were detected. Most of them (70%) are not very risky for uterus cancer. However, the most risky HPV was detected for uterus cancer. HPV-16, HPV-18, HPV-6, HPV-11 are the most risky. The cancer that occurs only after the attack of human papilloma virus is not. Women who are used in normal life are often infected by HPV. It does not have any symptoms. Throughout 18 to 24 months the uterus becomes almost all HPV-free with the prevention of body disease. If only the HPV in the uterus lasts for a long time, The uterus begins to change the cells. If the highly risky HPV is infected, there may be various diseases including cervical, cervical, juvenile and cancerous adjacent areas. Which factors increase the permanence of HPV in the uterus, is the use of smoking and tobacco leaves such as: paan jarda, white leaves, rose use, long birth control pills, malnutrition, frequent childbirth, AIDS, other infections in the uterus, decrease in immunity Etc.
To know whether HPV was infected, HPV can be detected by examining the DNA test from the cervix and the juice from the cervix. Before the HPV test, the Papas test was done before. This test is done to women with high risk for uterus cancer. There are international regulations for HPV testing. Women under the age of 30 are not tested. Because younger people are often infected with HPV, and in normal terms, the body is released from the virus. The HPV test can cause them a fearless fear.
The most risky women for uterine cancer, abnormal papacy test (Dysplasia), as well as the most risky HPV, are warned about this disease. For further confirmation, Kalposcopy (a device that requires cervical 4 to 25 times the height of the cervix) The cervix is thoroughly tested, so that the disease is detected in the pre-cancerous state If there is no treatment for patients with PV and there is no need for treatment, if there is any abnormalities in the uterus, then there are different methods of treatment.
Recuperating and seeing only. Cervical abnormalities in many cases over time become normal.
Cryotherapy: With the help of the device, cold cervical cells Is bansa.
Leap: The cervical cells are cut with the help of an electric device.
Effective prevention is HPV vaccine. HPV-16, HPV-18, HPV-6, HPV-11 antibody vaccine has been discovered. If taken from the vaccine, effective antibodies against the virus mentioned in the body are created. As soon as the uterus is infected with a vicious virus, the antibodies that were created before it are able to destroy it.
There are two types of vaccinations. One (Survorix) Two Virus (HPV-16, HPV-18) Resistant Vaccine, Second (Guardassil) Resistant Vaccine of Four Viruses
Any kind of vaccine (Survorix or Guadacil) is given to 12-13 year old girls before being infected with HPV. According to the American Food and Drug Administration (FDA) regulations, this vaccine is effective at 9 to 25 years of age. This is the vaccine with three doses. The second dose after one dose of the first dose and the third dose after six months. This vaccine is currently considered to be effective in four to six years from the time of vaccination. However, this vaccine of married life is not effective.